Software engineers use a combination of mathematics, computer science and engineering principles to develop software programs and applications. They work in a variety of industries and organizations including private and public corporations, government agencies (civilian or military), and non-profit organizations. Some software engineers work for themselves as consultants or freelance developers.
IT Certificate/Diploma Programs are available in a variety of specialties. This type of focused program is a great option for individuals looking to enter the job market quickly. Diploma programs can supply the fundamental skills and IT certifications required to get a job in the tech industry as well as current IT professionals looking to enhance their skill set. Those who want to gain comprehensive knowledge about the computer industry may be best suited for a 4-year Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (BSIT). A bachelor's degree is often a requirement for jobs in the tech field and graduates who have earned a 4-year degree often land more advanced positions when seeking employment than those without such a degree. Of course, individuals seeking higher paying jobs in technical fields may consider extending their academic career by getting a Master's Degree in Information Technology.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects rapid growth, as much as 32% from 2008-2018, in employment of computer software engineers, while opportunities for computer programmers is predicted to decline by 3% during the same period. So, what's the difference between software engineers and computer programmers?
Simply stated, computer programmers write programs. They use programming languages like C++ and Python to write instructions that computers can follow. They write these instructions based on a software design that was most likely created by a software engineer. Software engineers are responsible for creating software from concept to completion. They analyze users' needs and work to design, develop, test, and evaluate software programs, applications, and systems. Some engineers will do programming work as part of the process, but there is much more to developing software than just writing code. Prospective engineers study topics like: